A basic understanding of the changes in the condition of the surface is very muchrequired if improvement in product quality is to be attained. Surface integrity (SI)reveals the influence of surface properties and condition upon which materials arelikely to perform. Burnishing is a post machining process that is traditionally used toimpart specific physical, mechanical and tribological properties on ferrous and nonferrous surfaces. The aim of this work is to present and discuss the variousmethodologies and strategies that are adopted by researchers to predict surfaceintegrity of burnished component. The presentation of each approach along with itsadvantages and disadvantages should help both the researchers and practitioners byproviding compact yet adequate information to select the one that best suits theirneeds and specific requirements.