Robots have been extensively used in the industries in order to reduce the capital investment and increase the production. In the current scenario, robots are programmed to perform critical operations such as welding, powder coating, and material handling. This paper highlights the advancements of robotic operations and its applications with various metal joining processes. Various welding processes are discussed in detail in this paper. A brief description about the layout of the robotic cell has been introduced. Parameters to be considered for a robot selection for particular welding operation are discussed in brief.