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CO sensor based on polypyrrole functionalized with iron porphyrin
Paul S., Amalraj F.,
Published in
Volume: 159
Issue: 11
Pages: 1019 - 1023
Polypyrrole (PPy) was chemically functionalized with 5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeTPPCl) with special interest on noxious carbon monoxide (CO) gas in ppm level. Controlled functionalization of PPy was achieved with incorporation of various concentrations of porphyrin. The resulted semiconducting material was well characterized by different techniques such as UV-vis spectroscopy, FTIR, GFAAS, XRD, and EDAX. The functionalized polypyrrole material on interdigitated electrode was experienced an immediate increase in resistance when exposed to carbon monoxide gas at very low concentration. The CO gas interacted very fast with the FeTPPCl functionalized PPy at room temperature (RT) and then slowly saturated. The response of these materials was not unidirectional, but reverses to the original resistance level when CO was removed from the test chamber. The highest response factor (ΔR/R0 × 100) and lowest response time (t50) obtained are 12 and 169 s, respectively. An optimum level of doping (1 mol% of FeTPPCl) was established for the highest sensitivity and the detection level is as low as 100 ppm. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
About the journal
JournalSynthetic Metals
Open AccessNo