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Development of nanofibrous morphology in LDPE/LLDPE/PP blends and its effect on mechanical properties of blend films
Pradip S. Sonawane, , J. A. Bhangale, A. L. Gadhavi,
Published in Wiley
Volume: 107
Issue: 6
Pages: 4005 - 4012
Nanofibrous morphology has been observed in ternary blends of low density polyethylene (LDPE), linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), and isotactic polypropylene (PP) when these were melt-extruded via slit die followed by hot stretching. The morphology was dependent on the concentration of the component polymers in ternary blend LDPE/LLDPE/PP. The films were characterized by wide angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and testing of mechanical properties. The XRD patterns reveal that the β phase of PP is obtained in the as-stretched nanofibrillar composites, whose concentration decreases with the increase of LLDPE concentration. The presence of PP nanofibrils shows significant nucleation ability for crystallization of LDPE/LLDPE blend. The SEM observations of etched samples show an isotropic blend of LDPE and LLDPE reinforced with more or less randomly distributed and well-defined nanofibrils of PP, which were generated in situ. The tensile modulusand strength of LDPE/LLDPE/PP blends were significantly enhanced in the machine direction than in the transverse direction with increasing LLDPE concentration. The ultimate elongation increased with increasing LLDPE concentration, and there was a critical LLDPE concentration above which it increased considerably. There was a dramatic increase in the falling dart impact strength for films obtained by blow extrusion of these blends. These impressive mechanical properties of extruded samples can be explained on the basis of the formation of PP nanofibrils with high aspect ratio (at least 10), which imparted reinforcement to the LDPE/LLDPE blend. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Applied Polymer Science
PublisherData powered by TypesetWiley
Open AccessNo