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Efficient ways of thermal management of an EV battery
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 72
Pages: 1434 - 1445
The rapid growth of the electric vehicle industry necessitates more research into electric vehicle management systems, particularly in light of the present transition from internal combustion engines toward electric drivetrains. An electric vehicle's overall design and construction would be incomplete without a battery temperature control system. With battery thermal management systems in electric vehicles, the temperature of the batteries can be maintained at a reasonable threshold while simultaneously enhancing temperature uniformity. Adopting efficient cooling systems for electric vehicles is necessity to enhance battery safety, increase life of the battery, and minimize the detrimental effects of high surface temperatures on battery cell. For this reason, researchers have come up with several designs to cool the battery pack. This study aims to analyze the present status of BTMS technologies such as natural and forced air cooling, liquid (direct and indirect) cooling, and mini channel cooling in detail and provide opportunities for the further development of BTMS. The detailed analysis and comparison is done on both the individual components and the studied BTMS solutions, looking at both their benefits and limitations and the adaptation of these systems to various Li-ion battery forms. It has been observed that a forced air cooling system offers a variety of benefits, including easy integration, minimal maintenance requirements, and minimal costs; nevertheless, the system's cooling effectiveness is lower. The direct liquid cooled BTMS system, on the other hand, offers remarkable cooling performance. © 2022
About the journal
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Open AccessNo