Rotor unbalance and shaft misalignment are major concerns in rotating machinery. In order to understand the dynamic characteristics of these machinery faults a model of complete motor flexible coupling rotor system capable of describing these failures was developed. Unbalance is the most cause of machine vibration, an unbalanced rotor always cause more vibration and generates excessive force in the bearing area and reduces the life of the machine. Experimental studies were performed on a rotor to predict the unbalance in rotor. The vibrations were measured at different speeds using FFT [Fast Fourier Transform], detection of the various effects of vibration signature such as unbalance, misalignment, and crack that may lead to downtime. Vibration analysis therefore helps in monitoring the health of a rotating component. Vibration signature also helps to alert equipment operators of engine health condition. It could be useful to prevent the breakdown [resonance].