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Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Land Surface
Temperature Evaluation of Agricultural Land near Ujani
Dam Solapur District using TIMESAT Software

Published in SCience Press
Volume: 16
Issue: 7 July
Pages: 154 - 183

The fusion of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and land surface
temperature (LST) provides very important information for analyzing systems such as agricultural
drought monitoring system or drought early warning system. This research paper focuses on
the study of the relation amongst land surface temperature and normalized difference
vegetation indices using time series composed of Landsat 8 satellite OLI/TIRS sensor data.
For deriving LST, the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE) algorithm and the Planck’s
function have been used with a PyQGIS plugin of Landsat 8 TIRS data. Along with LST and
(NDVI), at-sensor reflectance, Land Surface Emissivity (LSE) and brightness temperature
are also calculated using the PyQGIS plugin. TIMESAT software is used for estimation of
phenological parameters which helpsin understanding the growth of crops at different stages,
effects of climate changes on crops and finding the relation between LST and NDVI. It has
been observed that LST and NDVI are strongly negatively correlated. Planck’s function gives
the best negative correlation result as compared to the RTE algorithm. Also, various
adjustment methods such as Savitzky Golay and Double Logistic Function are used for
computation of seasonality parameters and it can be observed that Double logistic gives results.

About the journal
JournalJournal of Xidian University
PublisherSCience Press
Open AccessNo