The thermal conductivity of a filler and the thermal conductivity of a composite made from that filler influence the heat-transfer process during melt processing. The heat-transfer process from the melt to the mold wall becomes an important factor in developing the skin-core morphology. These aspects were examined in this study. The thermal conductivity of polypropylene-filler composites was estimated with a standard model for various fillers such as calcium carbonate, talc, silica, wollastonite, mica, and carbon fibers. The rate of cooling under given conditions, including the melting temperature, mold wall temperature, mass of the composite, and filler content, was estimated with standard heat-transfer equations. The time to attain the crystallization temperature for polypropylene was evaluated with a regression method with differential temperature steps. The crystallization curves were experimentally determined for the different fillers, and from them, the induction period for the onset of crystallization was estimated. These observations were correlated with the expected trends from the aforementioned formalism. The excellent fit of the curves showed that in all these cases, the thermal conductivity of the filler and composite played a dominant role in controlling the onset of the crystallization process. However, the nucleation effects became important in the later stages after the crystallization temperature was attained.