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Time-Variant Satellite Vegetation Classification Enabled by Hybrid Metaheuristic-Based Adaptive Time-Weighted Dynamic Time Warping
Published in World Scientific
Land cover data is very significant for designing the earth system, managing the natural resources, and also for performing conservation planning. Time-series data are captured with their dynamic vegetation behavior using remote sensing technology, which is broadly utilized in land cover mapping. Most of the Vegetation Index (VI) such as the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) comprises commonly employed features that are obtained from the time-series spectral data. But, these VIs are not validated as the optimal techniques for generating the temporal profiles. Recent researches highly depend on optical satellite imagery for performing these above-mentioned tasks. Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) is said to be an effective optimal solution for solving the existing challenges, especially the improved version of DTW named Time-Weighted Dynamic Time Warping (TWDTW) is used for time-series analysis regarding the time-series vegetation classification. Yet, the TWDTW efficiency is not shown with other comparative machine learning approaches owing to the classification of vegetation type in the mountain areas. The major goal of this paper is to research and create a novel approach for distinguishing the kind of vegetation in a farm region near Ujani Dam in Solapur District, Maharashtra using time-series analysis. For time-series analysis employing satellite images, the suggested model offers a unique Adaptive Time-Weighted Dynamic Time Warping (ATWDTW). The farm's satellite images are first pre-processed before being sent to ATWDTW for examination. The TWDTW idea is optimized for classification performance using a new hybrid metaheuristic technique named Adaptive Coyote Crow Search Optimization (ACCSO). From the experimental results, the performance of the suggested ACCSO-ATWDTW correspondingly provides superior performance to the traditional approaches, where the designed model using ACCSO-ATWDTW provides 7.2%, 5.2%, 9.9%, 4.55%, and 2.33% higher MCC than the MFO-ATWDTW, BSA-ATWDTW, MF-BSA-ATWDTW, CSA-ATWDTW, and COA-ATWDTW at the maximum iteration of 200. This proved the robustness and less sensitivity to training samples of the TWDTW method when applied to mountain vegetation-type classifications. © 2024 World Scientific Publishing Company.
About the journal
JournalInternational Journal of Image and Graphics
PublisherWorld Scientific
Open AccessNo