Recently, Government of India has decided vision of 100 smart cities in 2020, and for a better productivity (on time, within budget and promised quality of projects), construction industry should adopt new construction management technologies but due to the tendency to adopt new management technology and other more reasons almost 80% construction projects are either time overrun or cost overrun. This problem can be solved by the adoption of tools of lean construction in Indian construction sector. Last Planner® System is one of the most efficient tools of lean construction and with the use of this tool; process wastes and negative effect of traditional method can be mitigated. Thus, objective of this study is to overcome the limitations of traditional method of construction and process wastes by the implementation of Last Planner® System in residential project. © 2021, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.